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INDIA 2018

Best of Germany 2014 - Mining Equipment and Mining Technology

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INDIA 2018 . ity to power sector followed by steel and cement manufacturing sector is considered a priority for the Indian coal industry. The Coal Project Pipeline CIL has 121 major ongoing coal projects under implementation, which are expected contribute an additional 561 million mt in FY 2020. Among the large projects are the Kusmunda project (50 million mt) and Gevra expansion project (70 million mt). Further 129 new projects, with a target- ed capacity of 494 million mt have been identified, of which project reports for 101 projects have been formulated. Out of these 101 projects, 30 projects having ultimate capacity of 330 million mt have been approved. Out of the 30 approved projects, 18 are expected to contribute 117 million mt in FY 2017. South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., a sub- sidiary of CIL, would be setting up coun- try's largest coal washery with a capacity of 25 million mt/y in Korba district of Chhattisgarh. The project would be known as Kusmunda coal washery. It would be an integral part of Kusmunda open-cast coal mine, one of the three mines operated by the SECL in Korba coalfields having an esti- mated reserve of more than 10 billion mt. CIL currently operates 15 washeries; three non-coking coal washeries with feed- stock capacity of 13.5 million mt/y and 12 coking coal washeries with feedstock capacity of 23.3 million mt/y. The com- pany had planned to set up 15 new coal washeries in next three years. Of the 15 new coal washeries, nine are non-coking of a capacity of 94 million mt/y and six are coking washeries of capacity of 18.6 million mt/y. CIL and Bharat Coking Coal Ltd have agreed to set up 12 new coking coal wash- eries by 2019-2020. CIL is also working on acquiring coking coal assets, increas- ing domestic production and minimizing diversion of coking coal to thermal plants. Coking coal imports is expected to reduce by 20%-25% due to these measures. SCCL has a total of 26 projects, 22 mining projects and four non-mining projects. Out of these 22 projects, eight projects are on schedule and 14 projects have been postponed. The Adriyala Shaft Project has been approved by the Government of India. With a capital outlay of EUR168.27 mil- lion, it has a rated capacity 2.8 million mt/y. Production from longwall technolo- gy in Adriyala Shaft Project commenced during October 15, 2014. Other new coal projects in India include: • Shree Cement's coal-based CPP project at Baloda Bazar, Raipur, Chhattisgarh; • Chettinad Cement's expansion of its coal- based CPP unit in Sangem. K, Gulbarga; • GPC's Khadsaliya-I lignite mining unit at Khadsaliya, Lakhanka & Thalsar; • Paras Power & Coal Beneficiation's coal washery in Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh; and • MNH Shakti's coal mining project in Sambalpur, Orissa. SCCL is planning to open 10 new proj- ects in the beginning of next financial year, including Bellampally OC -2, Kasipeta -2, Shanthi Khani Continuous miner, Koyagudem OC-2 Pit-1, J.V.R.O.C.2, Manuguru OCP, K.T.K. OC-2, P.V.K. Continuous miner and KKOC. These new projects are expected to produce 13 million mt/y. Three washeries, each with 1 million mt/y capacity are in operation on build-own-operate basis--Ramagundam, Mandamarri and Manuguru. Three more coal washeries with 10 million mt/y are in pipeline: JVR (4 million mt), RG-II (3 million mt/y) and Khairagura (3 million mt/y). Indian Coal Geology and Reserves Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel resource in the country. India, currently, stands fifth in terms of total world coal resources, whereas it is third from the point of view of identified reserves. The coal occurrences in India are main- ly distributed along the river vallies i.e. Damodar Valley, Sone-Mahanadi Valley, Pench-Kanhan Valley, Wardha-Godavari Valley etc. There are 69 major coalfields located in the peninsular India besides, 17 located in the north-eastern region. The bulk of the coal reserves are confined to the south-eastern quadrant of the coun- try in West Bengal, Jharkand, Orissa, Chattisgarh & Madhya Pradesh. The coal reserves of India have been estimated by the Geological Survey of India at more than 315 billion mt–up to the depth of 1,200 m, as of the beginning of 2017. Of the 308 billion mt of coal reserves, prime coking coal is 5.3 billion mt, medi- um and semi-soft coking coals are 27.5 billion mt and 1.70 billion mt and non-cok- ing coals reserves would amount to 280.6 billion mt. Most of these resources occur in Gondwanas and the balance in the Tertiary formations. Currently, lignite reserves in the country have been estimated at around 44.7 bil- Indian Coal Industry – An Overview Off Take of Coal in 2016-2017 (mt) Sectors 2016-2017 Metallurgical Uses 013 Power (Utility) 471 Power (Captive) 056 Cement 006 Sponge Iron 006 Others 099 Total 651 Sectoral Off-take of Raw Coal (mt) Cos. Achieved (2016-2017) Power Steel Cement Others Total CIL 442 05 4 096 547 SCCL 052 00 3 004 059 Others 033 07 0 004 044 Total 527 13 6 104 651 The Production of Coal Over the Years (millions of mt) Cos. 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 ECL 36.05 40.00 40.21 40.52 BCCL 32.61 34.51 35.86 37.04 CCL 50.02 55.65 61.32 67.05 NCL 68.64 72.48 80.22 84.1 WCL 39.73 41.15 44.82 45.63 SECL 124.26 128.28 137.93 145.33 MCL 110.44 121.38 137.90 139.21 NEC 0.66 0.78 0.487 0.6 CIL-Total 462.41 494.23 538.75 559.46 SCCL 50.47 52.54 60.38 59.53 Others* 15.19 24.48 40.10 43.8 All India 565.76 609.18 639.23 662.79

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