VDMA

INDA 2017

Best of Germany 2014 - Mining Equipment and Mining Technology

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6 INDIA 2017 Coal Mining in India The Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) is a coal-mining company jointly owned by the Government of Andhra Pradesh and Government of India. The Singareni coal reserves stretch across 350 Kms of the Pranahita, Godavari Valley of Andhra Pradesh with a proven geological reserves aggregating to 9729 mt. SCCL is currently operating 17 opencast and 30 underground mines in Andhra Pradesh. The Coal Mines (Nationalisation) Act, 1973 was amended w.e.f. June 9, 1993 to allow coal mining by both private and public sector for captive consumption for production of iron and steel, generation of power, washing of coal obtained from a mine and other end use, which would be notified by the Government from time to time. Under the last provision, cement production was further allowed as an end use w.e.f March 5, 1996 for captive mining of coal. The restriction of captive mining does not apply to state-owned coal/mineral develop- ment undertakings like CIL, SCCL, Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) etc. and Mineral Development Corporation of the State Governments. Coal Production Coal production achieved in the country during the year 2015-2016 has been 639.23 mt as compared to the production of 609.18 mt achieved during the previous year i.e. 2015-2016 showing a com- pounded annual growth rate of 4.9%. About 84.28% of the total coal production in the country comes from the collieries of Coal India Ltd (CIL). CIL is also the biggest sup- plier of coal in the country. In order to meet the coal demand and minimise the imports of coal, the government has put coal production in the country on a fast track and has set a target of 1.5 bt of domestic coal production by FY20. To meet this target the government has set a goal of 1 bt coal production for Coal India Limited (CIL) by FY20. Coal India has developed a roadmap in 2015 for meeting the challenge. The Singareni Collieries Company Ltd (SCCL) produced around 60 mt of coal in FY 2016. It has around 47 mines, of which 16 are opencast mines and 31 are underground mines. In order to achieve the target of 100 mt by 2020, SCCL is planning to start 20-25 new mines in the near future, of which seven mines are expected to start production in FY 2017. Demand, Production and Supply In order to meet the coal demand and minimise the imports of coal, the government has put coal production in the country on a fast track and has set a target of 1.5 bt of domestic coal production by FY20. The tar- get of coal production was 97.45% achieved by Coal India Ltd (CIL) in 2015-2016 and 98.5% achieved by Singareni Collieries Co. Ltd (SCCL). Demand of Power, Steel and Cement in a developing country is closely related to its economic growth. It is difficult to imagine a coun- try slated for growth without using power, steel and cement. Global as well as Indian steel and cement production are dependent on coal. That is why distribution of coal of adequate quantity and quality to power sector followed by steel and cement manufacturing sector is considered a priority in Indian Coal Industry. Coal Projects CIL is a Maharatna Central Public Sector Undertaking (CPSU). Presently 121 major ongoing coal projects are under implementa- tion. Expected contribution of about 400 mt in FY 2017 is planned to reach a level of 561 mt in FY 2020. Among the operating large projects are Kusmunda – 50 mt and Gevra expansion project – 70 mt. Further 129 new projects, with a targeted capacity of 493.59 mt have been identified, of which project reports for 101 projects have been formulated. Out of these 101 projects, 30 projects having ultimate capacity of 330.22 mt have been approved. Out of the 30 approved projects, 18 are expected to contribute 116.98 mt in FY 2017. South Eastern Coalfields Limited, a subsidiary of the Coal India Limited, would be setting up country's largest coal washery with a capacity of 25 mtpa in Korba district of Chhattisgarh. The project would be known as Kusmunda coal washery. It would be an integral part of Kusmunda Open Cast coal mine, one of the three mines oper- The Production of Coal Over the Years (Mt) Cos. 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 ECL 0 33.90 0 36.05 0 40.00 0 40.21 BCCL 0 31.21 0 32.61 0 34.51 0 35.86 CCL 0 48.06 0 50.02 0 55.65 0 61.32 NCL 0 70.02 0 68.64 0 72.48 0 80.22 WCL 0 42.29 0 39.73 0 41.15 0 44.82 SECL 118.22 124.26 128.28 137.93 MCL 107.90 110.44 121.38 137.90 NEC 00 0.61 00 0.66 00 0.78 00 0.49 CIL-Total 452.20 462.41 494.23 538.75 SCCL 0 53.19 0 50.47 0 52.54 0 60.38 Others* 0 51.01 0 15.19 0 24.48 0 40.10 All India 556.40 565.76 609.18 639.23 The Production of Coal Over the Years Raw Coal 2014-15 2015-16 1. Growth of Production (India) 7.7% 4.9% Growth of Production (CIL) 6.9% 9.0% 2. Growth of Off-take (India) 5.57% 4.7% Growth of Off-take (CIL) 3.84% 9.2% 3. Closing Stock/(avg. monthly take off) 59.4 mt 63.6 mt 4. Colliery Consumption/Off-take 0.57 mt 0.33 mt 5. Stripping Ratio (OBR/RC) 2.33 2.67 6. Import growth (overall-Coal) 26.33% -6.35% — Coking Coal 18.6% 1.9% — Non-Coking Coal 33.9% -9.2% 7. Avg. pit head value/Ton Coal (Non Captive Public) €18.88 €18.95 Production of Coal and its Share by Type of Mining Type of mining OC UG Total Production 2014-15 Production 560.67 48.51 609.18 Share (%) 92.04% 7.96% 100% 2015-16 Production 592.82 46.41 639.23 Share (%) 92.7% 7.26% 100% Growth (%) 5.43% -4.53% 3.90% Sectoral Off-take of Raw Coal (Mt) Cos. Achieved (2015-16) Power Steel Cement Others Total CIL 438.99 0 5.69 5.23 84.47 534.38 % (82.1) (1.1) (1.0) (15.8) (100) SCCL 0 49.87 0 3.72 0 5.10 0 58.72 % (84.9) (0) (6.3) (8.6) (100) Others 0 28.91 0 6.83 0.03 0 3.90 0 39.68 % (72.9) (17.2) (0.1) (9.8) (100) Total 517.77 12.52 8.99 93.50 632.78 % (81.8) (2.0) (1.4) (14.8) (100) Off-take of Coal in 2015-2016 (Mt) Sectors 2015-2016 Metallurgical Uses 00 7.97 Power (Utility) 480.71 Power (Captive) 0 41.53 Cement 00 8.78 Sponge Iron 00 7.76 Others 0 83.36 Total 630.11

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